Ruby Gemstone Information

Ruby Stone Meaning 

Rubies have always been favored by those in roles of power as well as by those in love and are therefore considered a gemstone that involves a lot of emotion. 

Throughout history, rubies were worn and adored by kings and royalty. They were a sign of authority and luxury. 

Today it is believed that the wearer of a ruby can obtain a certain level of luxury. Rubies are associated with love, passion, and are believed to be able to help timid people open up. 

Here is all the information your need about this unique gemstone.

Leibish Ruby Jewelry

Leibish Ruby Jewelry

Ruby Gemstones – Color, Value, And Grade

Physical Traits 

A ruby is an extremely strong stone. It ranks 9.0 on the Mohs scale of mineral hardness, placing it right after the diamond and moissanite. A diamond ranks 10.0 on the scale and moissanite falls in between diamonds and rubies. Like it or not, natural rubies contain imperfections, including color impurities. Additional imperfections are inclusions of rutile needles referred to as “silk.” These imperfections play an important role in detecting artificial rubies. Heat treatments are very common among most rubies today. Almost every ruby undergoes some sort of treatment, heat treatment being the most common. It is conducted prior to the cutting of the stone. That being said, there are a few high quality rubies that have not been treated, which of course demand very high prices.

A Ruby’s Color

Corundum that is considered gemstone quality and displays any shade of red or pink is considered a ruby. In the United States there are specific requirements regarding the saturation of a ruby. It must meet certain standards in order to fall into the ruby category, otherwise it is labeled a pink sapphire.  The differentiation between the two types, rubies and pink sapphires, is a relatively new concept, having only been established sometime in the 20th century. That is why there is much controversy surrounding the topic.

An unheated red ruby

An unheated natural red ruby


What Contributes to a Ruby’s Value

Like diamonds, rubies are assessed based on the 4Cs; color, clarity, cut, and carat. Similar to color diamonds, color is the most important determining factor in regards to its value. The darker and more visible colored rubies are the most sought after and the most expensive. Clarity plays an important role as well. Clear stones will sell for sky-high prices, but rubies without any needle-like rutile inclusions may signify that the stone has undergone treatment.

How Color is Graded

There are three aspects of a ruby’s color that are taken into consideration. These include hue, saturation, and tone. 

Hue refers to the ruby’s color as we see it. Saturation determines the visibility of the color. Is it light? Dark? Or somewhere in between? Finally, the tone tells us the purity of the color. If it is a pure tone, there will not be any secondary colors. If it is not a pure tone, it may include one or several secondary hues such as pink, purple, and orange.

As in most industries, there are attempts to replicate rubies artificially in order to have them pass as real ones. Many fall for this scam since the low prices are tempting. Purchasing synthetic rubies or treated ones is perfectly fine, as long as this is made clear beforehand. However, selling a fake ruby to an unassuming customer is wrong and illegal. Therefore, the proper homework must be done in order to obtain the ruby that is right for you.

Leibish Ruby Jewelry

LEIBISH. Ruby Jewelry

Ruby Gemstone Facts & History

More and more people are turning towards a hint of color when searching for the perfect engagement rings. Many millennials today want jewelry that promotes their personalities, so the increase in popularity of naturally colored gemstones seems logical. 

The ruby is one of the more popular choices, with its exquisite crimson color and delightful properties. Yet most people don’t know much about rubies other than their color. By reading a bit about this colored gemstone you will have more of an understanding regarding where it comes from and the overall significance of this gem.

Here are some ruby engagement rings.

Where Rubies Are Found

For centuries, the majority of the world’s rubies were mined in both Mozambique and Myanmar (Burma), specifically the Mogok Valley in the upper region of the country. More recently there has been a considerable amount of mining in the center of Myanmar, in the area of Mong Hsu. Additional sources for rubies have been Thailand, Australia, Cambodia, Afghanistan, Brazil, Namibia, India, Japan, and Colombia.

Myanmar is known to produce some of the finer rubies that exist, although it wasn’t always considered the legitimate source. The good news is, sanctions in Myanmar were lifted by President Obama and trading with that country is considered 100% legitimate today.

Precious or Semi-Precious?

Although this is no longer the official status, gemstones were once divided into two categories: precious and semi-precious. Diamonds, emeralds, rubies, and sapphires constitute the first category, and all other gemstones make up the second category. As one of the four precious gemstones, rubies are sturdier and more durable than most other gems, which is why they are generally more expensive.

As color is the most significant attribute of a gemstone, it is no surprise that rubies are held on such a pedestal. For centuries these fine stones have been valued and collected by some of the most rich and famous.

Origin of the Name Ruby

The term ruby is derived from the word ruber, which is the Latin word for red. Therefore it is quite fitting to name the red stone “ruby.” The element chromium that is present within the stone causes the red color of a ruby.

Ruby and Emerald

Precious gemstones, the Ruby and Emerald


How To Tell If A Ruby Is Real 

Oftentimes, natural gemstones are so beautiful, it’s hard to believe they are “real,” i.e. did not involve the intervention of man. That is why many people ask whether or not a ruby is real. The answer, of course, is that genuine, natural, unheated rubies are very real and absolutely breathtaking!

They have been found in nature with their phenomenal red color and natural shine. Though most ruby gemstones have been cut and polished, transforming them from their rough state into regal and prestigious jewels, they are still as real as they come. Lab-grown versions, however, are not real. They are not real because they aren’t genuine and are not natural. These stones did not come to be as a result of a painstakingly long natural process, but rather, were produced in a lab with the help of various materials and instruments, many of which were only introduced in the last century or so. This is why it is important to differentiate between a real, natural ruby and its lab-grown counterpart.

Natural Rubies (H3)

Rubies are minerals from the corundum family that have formed beneath the earth’s surface over millions of years. Sapphires are also from the corundum family. In fact, the red color is the only aspect that separates these two gemstones from one another. Rubies, like sapphires, rank 9 on the Moh’s scale of hardness, coming in right after the diamond’s 10 ranking. This indicates that rubies are fairly sturdy stones and make a fabulous choice for jewelry given their durability. Natural rubies are far more valuable than synthetic ones and are also far more unique. It may be much harder to come across one with a high clarity level and for an affordable price, but what you are getting is something remarkable and irreplaceable. A cultured ruby may look the same to you, and provide you with a perfect-looking gem, but that is not what precious gemstones are all about. Natural rubies are the real deal, and like diamonds, they are forever.

Real Rubies Vs. Lab-Grown Rubies

Not ever ruby that you will come across is a genuine ruby. While most stones are clearly marked, plenty are still marketed as natural when in fact they are lab-grown. In order to prepare yourself to identify a synthetic imposter, you must know a few things about natural rubies. For starters, most rubies have some sort of inclusion. A professional can help you identify whether or not your ruby is flawless because it is one in a billion that is perfect, or that it was lab-grown and therefore has been developed to be as perfect and as flawless as can be. The biggest giveaway for such a case is a flawless ruby being sold for an unusually low price. The same goes for a low price in general. Rubies are precious gemstones, and like real diamonds, emeralds, and sapphires, they can cost quite a bundle. A cheap price might very well indicate that you have a fraudulent piece on your hands. The size of a ruby can also help inform you of your stone’s genuineness. Large rubies are hard to come by and very expensive. If you have come across one or several rubies that do not have exorbitant prices, chances are they are cultured and not real.

A set of ruby earrings and a ruby ring

A Ruby & Diamond Designer Couture Ring and Earrings Set

Ruby Stone Symbols, Benefits & Myths

Some cultures have fables regarding the source of the stone. It was told that rubies grew on trees, starting out as white buds and then blossoming into ripe red rubies ready to be picked. Rubies are mentioned in the Bible and have been used and appreciated in some of the most ancient cultures. They have also been known to have many different mystical powers. 

What Rubies Symbolize 

Since the beginning of time, rubies have been linked with power, wealth, and royalty. Furthermore, it was widely believed that rubies possessed a protective ability. Wearing rubies would protect one’s assets as well as one’s personal health and well being, or so it was believed.

Ruby Stone Benefits

Here are a few reasons why rubies are a wonderful choice for jewelry as well as some of the things with which rubies are believed to provide their wearers.

Natural rubies, especially those of great quality and size, are by no means cheap. However, if you are willing to go for a smaller stone, you can find yourself an unbelievable ruby with a rich hue that is regal, prestigious, and absolutely beautiful for an affordable price. They are also a terrific alternative to diamonds, which are the go-to precious gemstone since they offer such a warm and upbeat color.

As the birthstone of July, the red stone is so much more than a magnificent colored gemstone. The ruby has been believed to make its wearer more aware, more focused, and remain alert. There are also those who believe the stones can improve trouble with eyesight and blood circulation. Other possible benefits include success with exams and with certain vocations such as medicine, politics agriculture, and the government sphere.

A Red Ruby Ring

A Leibish red ruby ring

Physical Myths

It has long been believed that rubies possess specific abilities, including ones capable of improving one’s health. According to Ivan the Terrible from Russia, a ruby can help one’s memory, heart, and brain. In the thirteenth century, there was a medicine for curing liver problems that included powdered ruby. In later centuries, the 15th and 16th to be specific, the red stones were believed to neutralize poison. They were even believed at one point to provide one with youth and vitality when rubbed on one’s skin.

Emotional Myths

Rubies have forever been considered the stones of love, passion, energy, and power. It is for this reason that a ruby is considered the most emotionally powerful gemstone on the planet. This relates to the fiery aspect of the stone, given its color. The red color also symbolizes blood, which is why the ruby is believed to increase energy and vigor. Another emotional myth in regards to the ruby is that the wearer will have lots of courage and will go through life without fear.

Motivational Myths 

There are theories that rubies are physically capable of improving one’s balance and even providing one with a passion for life in the most positive way possible. It is also believed that rubies can help individuals become more motivated and help them find the energy to set goals. They can promote dynamic leadership and make one sharper and more aware.

From a settler of disputes to being able to bring out passion and enthusiasm, rubies have a plethora of myths and beliefs regarding the meaning of the stone. As the birthstone of July and the gemstone commonly given on 15th and 40th wedding anniversaries, rubies represent fire and passion, regardless of what you may or not believe about them and their abilities.

Largest Ruby Gemstones

Some of the world’s largest rubies can be found at the Smithsonian’s National Museum of Natural History in Washington D.C. Included among these stones is the 23.1-carat Burmese ruby set in a platinum ring with diamonds. Another noteworthy ruby is the Liberty Bell Ruby, the largest mined ruby on the planet. The most expensive ruby in the world is the Sunrise Ruby. It sold for $30 million in 2015.

The Most Expensive Ruby In The World

Natural, untreated, and high quality rubies, especially large ones, are extremely rare and can reach stellar prices. Yes, rubies can cost a fortune; so much so that one of the the most expensive colored gemstones ever sold at auction until this past May was a ruby!

This is of course the Sunrise Ruby. At 25.59 carats, the Sunrise Ruby is a Mogok Burmese cushion-shaped ruby set upon a Cartier setting alongside two shield-shaped diamonds that weigh 2.47 and 2.70 carats.

The record has since been surpassed by the Blue Oppenheimer, which realized a record $30,335,698 price tag with its staggering $57.5 million sale price. But rubies still garnered quite a large appreciation among the most expensive luxury stones.


Ruby Ring

A LEIBISH ruby ring

The Sale

In May of 2015, Sotheby’s Geneva hosted a sale that offered a one-of-a-kind Pigeon Blood Mogok Burmese ruby that managed to break all records when it sold for over $30 million and for over $1 million a carat. The previous titleholder for most expensive ruby was the Graff Ruby, which had sold six months earlier in November 2014 for $8,600,410. Since the ruby was only 8.62 carats, its sale price was only $2,200 shy of the new per-carat record. This just shows us that top quality rubies continue to rise in price and that they are still very much in high demand. Furthermore, six of the ten most expensive rubies that exist today were sold in the past two and a half years.

Additional Expensive Rubies

The sultry red stone has been a favorite among humankind since the beginning of time. Perhaps that is why individuals are willing to shell out millions upon millions of dollars in order to own large, quality rubies such as the 12.46-carat Burmese ruby and diamond ring; the 8.99-carat Mogog Burmese ruby and diamond Harry Winston ring; the 30.20-carat Burmese ruby and diamond ring; The Regal Ruby; The Queen of Burma; The Patino Ruby; the 29.62 Mogok Burmese ruby and diamond Cartier ring; and the 10.10-carat Mogok Burmese ruby and diamond Cartier brooch. The “cheapest” of these items, the 12.46-carat Burmese ruby and diamond ring, sold for “just” $3,721,415 while the most expensive piece, the 10.10-carat Mogok Burmese ruby and diamond Cartier brooch, brought in $8,428,127.

Price Factors

There are several factors that can contribute to a ruby’s high price. One is of course the size, and the second is obviously the unbelievable color of the stone. Add the fact that the stone is natural, untouched, and displays impressive quality and we’re already talking bundles and bundles of cash. Then you’ve got the origin factor. Rubies hailing from the Mogok deposit in Burma tend to fetch the highest sums due to their vivid and saturated red color.

Those born in July are lucky to have the stunning ruby as their birthstone but are at an equal disadvantage of having to cope with such high prices. Nevertheless, not all rubies must be of the proportions similar to the stones mentioned in this list, nor do they have to be from such reputable and high-demand locations such as Mogok. With a firm budget and a set of priorities in hand, each individual can find the ruby that best suits his or her needs.

The ruby stone is definitely worth every penny. Whether you believe in these benefits or not, the is no denying the beauty of this stone! Have a look through our amazing collection of ruby jewelry.